Interleukins

Inhibitory Selectivity

Isoform-specific Inhibitors

Interleukins Products

New Interleukins Products
Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3312New

Diethyl phosphate

Diethyl phosphate (DEP, DPF, Diethyl phosphoric acid, diethyl hydrogen phosphate), a non-specific metabolite of organophosphorus pesticides in the gut environment, significantly enriches opportunistic pathogens leading to a decrease in interleukin-6 (IL-6).

S5764

YM 90709

YM 90709 is a novel IL-5 inhibitor which selectively blocks the binding of IL-5 to the IL-5 receptor (IL-5R).

S0826

A-740003

A-740003 is a potent, selective and competitive antagonist of P2X7 receptor with IC50 of 18 nM and 40 nM for rat and human P2X7 receptors, respectively. A-740003 potently blocks agonist-evoked IL-1β release and pore formation with IC50 of 156 nM and 92 nM in differentiated human THP-1 cells.

S3590New

Triolein

Triolein is an inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and reduces both the expression of IL-6 and ROS generation in irradiated keratinocytes.

E0008New

Atractylodin

Atractylodin (Atractydin) is one of the major constituents of the rhizome of Atractylodes lancea and inhibits N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA) activity with an IC50 of 2.81 µM. Atractylodin also inhibits interleukin-6 (IL-6) by blocking NPM-ALK activation and MAPKs.

S5972New

Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate

Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate (A-hydrocort, Hydrocortisone 21-hemisuccinate), a physiological glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory properties, is an inhibitor of proinflammatory cytokine with IC50 of 6.7 μM and 21.4 μM for Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-3, respectively.

S9236

α-Cyperone

α-Cyperone (alpha-cyperone), a major active compound of Cyperus rotundus, exhibits biological activities, such as antivirulence, antigenotoxic, and antibacterial activities. α-Cyperone (alpha-cyperone) is associated with the down-regulation of COX-2, IL-6, Nck-2, Cdc42 and Rac1.

S0752

AUDA

AUDA (compound 43) is a potent inhibitor of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) with IC50 of 18 nM and 69 nM for the mouse sEH and human sEH, respectively. AUDA has anti-inflammatory activity that reduces the protein expression of MMP-9, IL-1β, TNF-α and TGF-β. AUDA downregulates Smad3 and p38 signaling pathways.

S6898

RCM-1

RCM-1 is a nontoxic inhibitor of Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) that suppresses goblet cell metaplasia and prevents IL-13 and STAT6 signaling in allergen-exposed mice. RCM-1 decreases carcinogenesis and nuclear β-catenin.

S8261

GSK583

GSK583 is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of RIP2 kinase with IC50 of 5 nM. GSK583 also inhibits both TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50 of ~200 nM in explant cultures.

S0777

APX-115 free base

APX-115 free base (Ewha-18278 free base) is a potent, orally active inhibitor of pan NADPH oxidase (pan-Nox) with Ki of 1.08 μM, 0.57 μM, and 0.63 μM for Nox1, Nox2 and Nox4, respectively. APX-115 free base (Ewha-18278 free base) significantly suppresses the expression of inflammatory molecules including MCP-1/CCL2, IL-6, and TNFα in the diabetic kidney.

S0781

IQ 3

IQ 3 is a specific c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor with Kd of 66 nM, 240 nM and 290 nM for JNK3, JNK1 and JNK2, respectively. IQ 3 inhibits LPS-induced NF-κB/AP1 transcriptional activity in THP1-Blue cells with IC50 of 1.4 μM. IQ 3 also inhibits TNF-α and IL-6 production in vitro.

S0785

Apilimod (STA-5326) mesylate

Apilimod (STA-5326) mesylate is a potent and orally-available inhibitor of the cytokines interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) with the potential to treat certain autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Apilimod mesylate (STA-5326 mesylate) inhibits IL-12 with IC50 of 1 nM, 1 nM and 2 nM, in IFN-γ/SAC-stimulated human PBMCs, human monocytes and mouse PBMCs, respectively. Apilimod mesylate (STA-5326 mesylate) is also a cell permeable small molecule that specifically inhibits PIKfyve with IC50 of 14 nM.

S0787

3-Deazaadenosine hydrochloride

3-Deazaadenosine HCl (3-DZA, c3Ado) is a potent inhibitor of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase with Ki of 3.9 µM. 3-Deazaadenosine HCl inhibits bacterial lipopolysaccharide-induced transcription of TNF-α and IL-1β. 3-Deazaadenosine HCl inhibits the transcriptional activity of NF-κB, prevents FCS-induced Ras carboxyl methylation and reduces FCS-induced ERK1/2 and Akt phosphorylation. 3-Deazaadenosine HCl has anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-HIV activities.

S7259

FLLL32

FLLL32 is a potent JAK2/STAT3 inhibitor with IC50 of <5 μM. FLLL32 inhibits the induction of STAT3 phosphorylation by IFNα and IL-6 in breast cancer cells.

S9054

Pectolinarin

Pectolinarin is a major compound in Cirsium setidens with anti-inflammatory activity. Pectolinarin inhibits secretion of IL-6 and IL-8, as well as the production of PGE2 and NO. Pectolinarin induces apoptosis via inactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.

S9052

Auraptene

Auraptene (7-geranyloxycoumarin) is a natural coumarin derived from citrus plants and possesses valuable pharmacological properties, including anticarcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antihelicobacter, antigenotoxic, and neuroprotective effects. Auraptene inhibits matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) as well as key inflammatory mediators, including IL-6, IL-8 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-5(CCL5).

S3293

Gardenoside

Gardenoside is a natural compound extracted from Gardenia fruits, with hepatoprotective properties. Gardenoside inhibits TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and NFκB activation. Gardenoside also has an inhibitory effect on free fatty acids (FFA)-induced cellular steatosis. Gardenoside suppresses the pain in rats model of chronic constriction injury by regulating the P2X3 and P2X7 receptors.

S3292

Falcarindiol

Falcarindiol (FAD, (3R,8S)-Falcarindiol, FaDOH) is a natural polyacetylene compound found rich in many plants of the Umbelliferae family. Falcarindiol suppresses LPS-stimulated expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). Falcarindiol attenuates the LPS-induced activation of JNK, ERK, STAT1, and STAT3 signaling molecules.

S9660

Remibrutinib (LOU064)

Remibrutinib (LOU064) is a potent, highly selective covalent inhibitor of bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 2.5 nM and 18 nM for BTK, FcγR-induced IL8 and anti-IgM/IL4-induced CD69, respectively. Remibrutinib (LOU064) exhibits an exquisite kinase selectivity due to binding to an inactive conformation of BTK and has the potential for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

S0139

MD2-TLR4-IN-1

MD2-TLR4-IN-1 (Compound 22m) is a potent inhibitor of myeloid differentiation protein 2/toll-like receptor 4 (MD2-TLR4). MD2-TLR4-IN-1 (compound 22m) inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in macrophages with IC50 of 0.89 μM and 0.53 μM, respectively.

S9075

Mulberroside A

Mulberroside A, isolated from the ethanol extract of Morus alba roots, is widely employed as an active ingredient in cosmetic products due to its anti-tyrosinase and anti-oxidant activities. Mulberroside A decreases the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 and inhibits the activation of NALP3, caspase-1 and NF-κB and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38.

S8966

T-5224

T-5224 is a selective inhibitor of transcription factor c-Fos/activator protein (AP)-1 with anti-inflammatory effects. T-5224 specifically inhibits the DNA binding activity of c-Fos/c-Jun and the IL-1β-induced up-regulation of Mmp-3, Mmp-13 and Adamts-5 transcription.

S9668

PKR-IN-C16

PKR-IN-C16 (imoxin, C16, Imidazolo-oxindole PKR inhibitor C16) is a specific inhibitor of RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR, Protein Kinase R, EIF2AK2). PKR-IN-C16 prevents apoptosis and IL-1β production in an acute excitotoxic rat model with a neuroinflammatory component.

S6850

NE 52-QQ57

NE 52-QQ57 is a selective, and orally available antagonist of G-protein coupled receptor 4 (GPR4) with IC50 of 0.07 μM. NE 52-QQ57 effectively blocks GPR4-mediated cAMP accumulation with IC50 of 26.8 nM in HEK293 cells. The antagonism of GPR4 with NE 52-QQ57 significantly inhibits the AGE-induced increased expression of several key inflammatory cytokines and signaling molecules, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nitric oxide (NO), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).

S9417

Homoplantaginin

Homoplantaginin (Hispidulin-7-glucoside), a main flavonoid from a traditional Chinese medicine Salvia plebeia, has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Homoplantaginin inhibits TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression, IKKβ and NF-κB phosphorylation.

S5579

Chelidonic acid

Chelidonic acid (Jerva acid, Jervaic acid, γ-Pyrone-2,6-dicarboxylic acid) is a secondary metabolite found in several plants with therapeutic potential in allergic disorders in experimental animals. Chelidonic acid inhibits IL-6 production by blocking NF-κB and caspase-1 in HMC-1 cells. Chelidonic acid is also an inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase with Ki of 1.2 μM.

S0437

SAR-20347

SAR-20347 is a potent inhibitor of TYK2, JAK1, JAK2 and JAK3 with IC50 of 0.6 nM, 23 nM, 26 nM and 41 nM, respectively. SAR-20347 inhibits TYK2- and JAK1-mediated IL-12 and IFN-α signaling.

S9129

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1 (Prosapogenin A2, Sanchinoside B2, Sanchinoside Rh1) is one of major bioactive compounds extracted from red ginseng, which has been increasingly used for enhancing cognition and physical health worldwide. It exhibits potent characteristics of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunomodulatory effects, and positive effects on the nervous system. Ginsenoside Rh1 inhibits the expression of PPAR-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β.

S8879

Deucravacitinib (BMS-986165)

Deucravacitinib (BMS-986165) is a highly potent and selective allosteric inhibitor of Tyk2 with a Ki value of 0.02 nM for binding to the Tyk2 pseudokinase domain. It is highly selective against a panel of 265 kinases and pseudokinases.

S6727

AX-024 HCl

AX-024 HCl blocks the interaction of the CD3ε PRS with SH3.1(Nck). AX-024 HCl also inhibits IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-10 and IL-17A.

S0472

EC330

EC330 is a steroidal inhibitor of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF, an interleukin 6 class cytokine). EC330 inhibits the LIF/LIF-R signaling and blocks the promoting effects of LIF on growth and migration of cancer cells.

S3261

Myrislignan

Myrislignan, a lignan isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt, possesses anti-inflammatory activities. Myrislignan inhibits interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Myrislignan significantly inhibits the expressions of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) dose-dependently in LPS-stimulated macrophage cells. Myrislignan inhibits the NF-κB signalling pathway activation.

S0228

SU 5201

SU 5201 (NSC 247030) is an interleukin-2 (IL-2) inhibitor.

S3304

Stylopine

Stylopine ((R,S)-Stylopine, Tetrahydrocoptisine) reduces nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and the IL-6 production and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity caused by the LPS stimulation. Stylopine is a major component of the leaf of Chelidonium majus L.

S9184

Forsythoside B

Forsythoside B is a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from the leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, a Chinese folk medicinal plant. Forsythoside B has potent neuroprotective effects and has anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and antisepsis properties. Forsythoside B could inhibit TNF-alpha, IL-6, IκB and modulate NF-κB.

S3299

Demethyleneberberine

Demethyleneberberine (DMB), a component of Cortex Phellodendri Chinensis (CPC), significantly alleviates the weight loss and diminishes myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, while significantly reduces the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and inhibits the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Demethyleneberberine (DMB) potentially ameliorates NAFLD (Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) by activating AMPK pathways.

S0771

BRD6989

BRD6989 is a selective inhibitor of CDK8 and CDK19. BRD6989 upregulates IL-10. BRD6989 is an analog of the natural product cortistatin A (dCA).

S0094

SR 0987

SR 0987, a SR 1078 analog, is an agonist for T cell-specific RORγ (RORγt) with EC50 of 800 nM. SR 0987 represses PD-1, produces IL17 and is potential for the treatment of cancer.

S6347New

5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA)

5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA, 5'-(N-Ethylcarboxamido)adenosine, Adenosine-5'N-ethylcarboxamide, 5'-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine) is a stable, nonselective adenosine receptor agonist. 5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine acts via multiple mechanisms including: reducing diabetes-induced oxidative stress, inhibiting gene expression of IL-18, TNF-α and ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54)), and blocking activation of the JNK-MAPK pathway.

S5973New

Methylprednisolone Acetate

Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987, Medrol) acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2979New

CU-T12-9

CU-T12-9 is a specific agonist of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 1/2 with EC50 of 52.9 nM in HEK-Blue hTLR2 SEAP assay. CU-T12-9 activates both the innate and the adaptive immune systems. CU-T12-9 signals through NF-κB and invokes an elevation of the downstream effectors TNF-α, IL-10, and iNOS.

S4842New

Balsalazide

Balsalazide (Colazal, Giazo), an aminosalicylate and oral prodrug, is enzymatically cleaved in the colon to produce the anti-inflammatory agent mesalazine. Balsalazide suppress colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway.

S6579

RCGD423

RCGD-423 is a modulator of Glycoprotein 130 (gp130, IL6ST, IL6-beta, CD130) signalling that regulates cartilage growth and differentiation.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3312New

Diethyl phosphate

Diethyl phosphate (DEP, DPF, Diethyl phosphoric acid, diethyl hydrogen phosphate), a non-specific metabolite of organophosphorus pesticides in the gut environment, significantly enriches opportunistic pathogens leading to a decrease in interleukin-6 (IL-6).

S5764

YM 90709

YM 90709 is a novel IL-5 inhibitor which selectively blocks the binding of IL-5 to the IL-5 receptor (IL-5R).

S0826

A-740003

A-740003 is a potent, selective and competitive antagonist of P2X7 receptor with IC50 of 18 nM and 40 nM for rat and human P2X7 receptors, respectively. A-740003 potently blocks agonist-evoked IL-1β release and pore formation with IC50 of 156 nM and 92 nM in differentiated human THP-1 cells.

S3590New

Triolein

Triolein is an inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and reduces both the expression of IL-6 and ROS generation in irradiated keratinocytes.

E0008New

Atractylodin

Atractylodin (Atractydin) is one of the major constituents of the rhizome of Atractylodes lancea and inhibits N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA) activity with an IC50 of 2.81 µM. Atractylodin also inhibits interleukin-6 (IL-6) by blocking NPM-ALK activation and MAPKs.

S5972New

Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate

Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate (A-hydrocort, Hydrocortisone 21-hemisuccinate), a physiological glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory properties, is an inhibitor of proinflammatory cytokine with IC50 of 6.7 μM and 21.4 μM for Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-3, respectively.

S9236

α-Cyperone

α-Cyperone (alpha-cyperone), a major active compound of Cyperus rotundus, exhibits biological activities, such as antivirulence, antigenotoxic, and antibacterial activities. α-Cyperone (alpha-cyperone) is associated with the down-regulation of COX-2, IL-6, Nck-2, Cdc42 and Rac1.

S0752

AUDA

AUDA (compound 43) is a potent inhibitor of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) with IC50 of 18 nM and 69 nM for the mouse sEH and human sEH, respectively. AUDA has anti-inflammatory activity that reduces the protein expression of MMP-9, IL-1β, TNF-α and TGF-β. AUDA downregulates Smad3 and p38 signaling pathways.

S6898

RCM-1

RCM-1 is a nontoxic inhibitor of Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) that suppresses goblet cell metaplasia and prevents IL-13 and STAT6 signaling in allergen-exposed mice. RCM-1 decreases carcinogenesis and nuclear β-catenin.

S8261

GSK583

GSK583 is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of RIP2 kinase with IC50 of 5 nM. GSK583 also inhibits both TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50 of ~200 nM in explant cultures.

S0777

APX-115 free base

APX-115 free base (Ewha-18278 free base) is a potent, orally active inhibitor of pan NADPH oxidase (pan-Nox) with Ki of 1.08 μM, 0.57 μM, and 0.63 μM for Nox1, Nox2 and Nox4, respectively. APX-115 free base (Ewha-18278 free base) significantly suppresses the expression of inflammatory molecules including MCP-1/CCL2, IL-6, and TNFα in the diabetic kidney.

S0781

IQ 3

IQ 3 is a specific c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor with Kd of 66 nM, 240 nM and 290 nM for JNK3, JNK1 and JNK2, respectively. IQ 3 inhibits LPS-induced NF-κB/AP1 transcriptional activity in THP1-Blue cells with IC50 of 1.4 μM. IQ 3 also inhibits TNF-α and IL-6 production in vitro.

S0785

Apilimod (STA-5326) mesylate

Apilimod (STA-5326) mesylate is a potent and orally-available inhibitor of the cytokines interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) with the potential to treat certain autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Apilimod mesylate (STA-5326 mesylate) inhibits IL-12 with IC50 of 1 nM, 1 nM and 2 nM, in IFN-γ/SAC-stimulated human PBMCs, human monocytes and mouse PBMCs, respectively. Apilimod mesylate (STA-5326 mesylate) is also a cell permeable small molecule that specifically inhibits PIKfyve with IC50 of 14 nM.

S0787

3-Deazaadenosine hydrochloride

3-Deazaadenosine HCl (3-DZA, c3Ado) is a potent inhibitor of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase with Ki of 3.9 µM. 3-Deazaadenosine HCl inhibits bacterial lipopolysaccharide-induced transcription of TNF-α and IL-1β. 3-Deazaadenosine HCl inhibits the transcriptional activity of NF-κB, prevents FCS-induced Ras carboxyl methylation and reduces FCS-induced ERK1/2 and Akt phosphorylation. 3-Deazaadenosine HCl has anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-HIV activities.

S7259

FLLL32

FLLL32 is a potent JAK2/STAT3 inhibitor with IC50 of <5 μM. FLLL32 inhibits the induction of STAT3 phosphorylation by IFNα and IL-6 in breast cancer cells.

S9054

Pectolinarin

Pectolinarin is a major compound in Cirsium setidens with anti-inflammatory activity. Pectolinarin inhibits secretion of IL-6 and IL-8, as well as the production of PGE2 and NO. Pectolinarin induces apoptosis via inactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.

S9052

Auraptene

Auraptene (7-geranyloxycoumarin) is a natural coumarin derived from citrus plants and possesses valuable pharmacological properties, including anticarcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antihelicobacter, antigenotoxic, and neuroprotective effects. Auraptene inhibits matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) as well as key inflammatory mediators, including IL-6, IL-8 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-5(CCL5).

S3293

Gardenoside

Gardenoside is a natural compound extracted from Gardenia fruits, with hepatoprotective properties. Gardenoside inhibits TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and NFκB activation. Gardenoside also has an inhibitory effect on free fatty acids (FFA)-induced cellular steatosis. Gardenoside suppresses the pain in rats model of chronic constriction injury by regulating the P2X3 and P2X7 receptors.

S3292

Falcarindiol

Falcarindiol (FAD, (3R,8S)-Falcarindiol, FaDOH) is a natural polyacetylene compound found rich in many plants of the Umbelliferae family. Falcarindiol suppresses LPS-stimulated expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). Falcarindiol attenuates the LPS-induced activation of JNK, ERK, STAT1, and STAT3 signaling molecules.

S9660

Remibrutinib (LOU064)

Remibrutinib (LOU064) is a potent, highly selective covalent inhibitor of bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 2.5 nM and 18 nM for BTK, FcγR-induced IL8 and anti-IgM/IL4-induced CD69, respectively. Remibrutinib (LOU064) exhibits an exquisite kinase selectivity due to binding to an inactive conformation of BTK and has the potential for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

S0139

MD2-TLR4-IN-1

MD2-TLR4-IN-1 (Compound 22m) is a potent inhibitor of myeloid differentiation protein 2/toll-like receptor 4 (MD2-TLR4). MD2-TLR4-IN-1 (compound 22m) inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in macrophages with IC50 of 0.89 μM and 0.53 μM, respectively.

S9075

Mulberroside A

Mulberroside A, isolated from the ethanol extract of Morus alba roots, is widely employed as an active ingredient in cosmetic products due to its anti-tyrosinase and anti-oxidant activities. Mulberroside A decreases the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 and inhibits the activation of NALP3, caspase-1 and NF-κB and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38.

S8966

T-5224

T-5224 is a selective inhibitor of transcription factor c-Fos/activator protein (AP)-1 with anti-inflammatory effects. T-5224 specifically inhibits the DNA binding activity of c-Fos/c-Jun and the IL-1β-induced up-regulation of Mmp-3, Mmp-13 and Adamts-5 transcription.

S9668

PKR-IN-C16

PKR-IN-C16 (imoxin, C16, Imidazolo-oxindole PKR inhibitor C16) is a specific inhibitor of RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR, Protein Kinase R, EIF2AK2). PKR-IN-C16 prevents apoptosis and IL-1β production in an acute excitotoxic rat model with a neuroinflammatory component.

S6850

NE 52-QQ57

NE 52-QQ57 is a selective, and orally available antagonist of G-protein coupled receptor 4 (GPR4) with IC50 of 0.07 μM. NE 52-QQ57 effectively blocks GPR4-mediated cAMP accumulation with IC50 of 26.8 nM in HEK293 cells. The antagonism of GPR4 with NE 52-QQ57 significantly inhibits the AGE-induced increased expression of several key inflammatory cytokines and signaling molecules, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nitric oxide (NO), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).

S9417

Homoplantaginin

Homoplantaginin (Hispidulin-7-glucoside), a main flavonoid from a traditional Chinese medicine Salvia plebeia, has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Homoplantaginin inhibits TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression, IKKβ and NF-κB phosphorylation.

S5579

Chelidonic acid

Chelidonic acid (Jerva acid, Jervaic acid, γ-Pyrone-2,6-dicarboxylic acid) is a secondary metabolite found in several plants with therapeutic potential in allergic disorders in experimental animals. Chelidonic acid inhibits IL-6 production by blocking NF-κB and caspase-1 in HMC-1 cells. Chelidonic acid is also an inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase with Ki of 1.2 μM.

S0437

SAR-20347

SAR-20347 is a potent inhibitor of TYK2, JAK1, JAK2 and JAK3 with IC50 of 0.6 nM, 23 nM, 26 nM and 41 nM, respectively. SAR-20347 inhibits TYK2- and JAK1-mediated IL-12 and IFN-α signaling.

S9129

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1

20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1 (Prosapogenin A2, Sanchinoside B2, Sanchinoside Rh1) is one of major bioactive compounds extracted from red ginseng, which has been increasingly used for enhancing cognition and physical health worldwide. It exhibits potent characteristics of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunomodulatory effects, and positive effects on the nervous system. Ginsenoside Rh1 inhibits the expression of PPAR-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β.

S8879

Deucravacitinib (BMS-986165)

Deucravacitinib (BMS-986165) is a highly potent and selective allosteric inhibitor of Tyk2 with a Ki value of 0.02 nM for binding to the Tyk2 pseudokinase domain. It is highly selective against a panel of 265 kinases and pseudokinases.

S6727

AX-024 HCl

AX-024 HCl blocks the interaction of the CD3ε PRS with SH3.1(Nck). AX-024 HCl also inhibits IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-10 and IL-17A.

S0472

EC330

EC330 is a steroidal inhibitor of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF, an interleukin 6 class cytokine). EC330 inhibits the LIF/LIF-R signaling and blocks the promoting effects of LIF on growth and migration of cancer cells.

S3261

Myrislignan

Myrislignan, a lignan isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt, possesses anti-inflammatory activities. Myrislignan inhibits interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Myrislignan significantly inhibits the expressions of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) dose-dependently in LPS-stimulated macrophage cells. Myrislignan inhibits the NF-κB signalling pathway activation.

S0228

SU 5201

SU 5201 (NSC 247030) is an interleukin-2 (IL-2) inhibitor.

S3304

Stylopine

Stylopine ((R,S)-Stylopine, Tetrahydrocoptisine) reduces nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and the IL-6 production and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity caused by the LPS stimulation. Stylopine is a major component of the leaf of Chelidonium majus L.

S9184

Forsythoside B

Forsythoside B is a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from the leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, a Chinese folk medicinal plant. Forsythoside B has potent neuroprotective effects and has anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and antisepsis properties. Forsythoside B could inhibit TNF-alpha, IL-6, IκB and modulate NF-κB.

S3299

Demethyleneberberine

Demethyleneberberine (DMB), a component of Cortex Phellodendri Chinensis (CPC), significantly alleviates the weight loss and diminishes myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, while significantly reduces the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and inhibits the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Demethyleneberberine (DMB) potentially ameliorates NAFLD (Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) by activating AMPK pathways.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S0771

BRD6989

BRD6989 is a selective inhibitor of CDK8 and CDK19. BRD6989 upregulates IL-10. BRD6989 is an analog of the natural product cortistatin A (dCA).

S0094

SR 0987

SR 0987, a SR 1078 analog, is an agonist for T cell-specific RORγ (RORγt) with EC50 of 800 nM. SR 0987 represses PD-1, produces IL17 and is potential for the treatment of cancer.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S6347New

5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA)

5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA, 5'-(N-Ethylcarboxamido)adenosine, Adenosine-5'N-ethylcarboxamide, 5'-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine) is a stable, nonselective adenosine receptor agonist. 5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine acts via multiple mechanisms including: reducing diabetes-induced oxidative stress, inhibiting gene expression of IL-18, TNF-α and ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54)), and blocking activation of the JNK-MAPK pathway.

S5973New

Methylprednisolone Acetate

Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987, Medrol) acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2979New

CU-T12-9

CU-T12-9 is a specific agonist of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 1/2 with EC50 of 52.9 nM in HEK-Blue hTLR2 SEAP assay. CU-T12-9 activates both the innate and the adaptive immune systems. CU-T12-9 signals through NF-κB and invokes an elevation of the downstream effectors TNF-α, IL-10, and iNOS.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S4842New

Balsalazide

Balsalazide (Colazal, Giazo), an aminosalicylate and oral prodrug, is enzymatically cleaved in the colon to produce the anti-inflammatory agent mesalazine. Balsalazide suppress colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway.

S6579

RCGD423

RCGD-423 is a modulator of Glycoprotein 130 (gp130, IL6ST, IL6-beta, CD130) signalling that regulates cartilage growth and differentiation.